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Sojourner Truth

Chronology of Truth's Life

  • 1797?-1829: Lived in Ulster County, N Y 1797? Born a slave of Johannes Hardenbergh, i n Swartekill neighborhood, town of Hurley, N Y

  • 1799-1806? Slave of Charles Hardenbergh, Swartekill, tow n of Hurley

  • 18o6?-8? Slave of John Neely, town of Kingston, NY

  • I8O8?-IO Slave of Martinus Schryver, [Port Ewen] town of Kingston 1810-26 Slave o f John Dumont, [West Park] town of New Paltz, NY 1826, Fall Walked away from Dumont

  • 1826—27 Legally slave o f Isaac Van Wagenen, Wagondale [Bloomington], town of Hurley 1827, July 4 Legally freed, with all the remaining slaves in New York State

  • 1827-28 Took legal action in Kingston, NY, to recover her son from slavery in Alabama 1827-28? Converted t o Christ; joined the Methodist Church, Kingston

  • 1828?—29 Lived in Kingston, working as domestic

  • 1829—43: Lived in or Near New York, N Y 1829 Moved t o New York City; worked as domestic

  • 1832—34 In Matthias's Utopian community, the Kingdom, in New York City and Sing Sing, N Y

  • 1843, June 1 Left New York City to become a traveling evangelist in Long Island, Connecticut, and Massachusetts

  • 1844-57: Lived in Northampton, M A

  • 1844-46 In the Utopian Northampton Association, Northampton, MA

  • 1850, Apr. 15 Bought her first house, Northampton 1850 Her Narrative first published, with help of William L. Garrison

  • 1850, Fall Her first documented speaking as a reformer: spoke for women's rights and against slavery, in Massachusetts and Rhode Island

  • 1851, Feb.-May Spoke against slavery across upstate New York

  • 1851, May 28-29 Spoke at Akron, OH, Women's Rights Convention, saying women should have a chance to set the world "right side up "

  • 1851-52 Itinerant antislavery speaker in Ohio

  • 1852, Aug. 22 At an antislavery meeting in Salem, OH, confronted Frederick Douglass, asking, "Is God gone?"

  • 1853 Visited Harriet Beecher Stowe, Andover, MA

  • 1853-55 Spoke in New England, Pennsylvania, and New York

  • 1854, Nov. 1 Paid off mortgage on her Northampton house

  • 1856-57 Spoke i n Midwest: Ohio, Michigan, Indiana

  • 1857-83: Lived in or Near Battle Creek, MI

  • 1857, July 28 Bought a house in Harmonia, a Spiritualist community, town of Bedford, near Battle Creek, MI 1858, Oct. Spoke against slavery in Silver Lake, IN; when pro-slavery enemies accused her of being a man in disguise, sh e bared her breasts to the audience

  • 1861, May-June Spoke against slavery and for the Union in Steuben County, IN; threatened with violence and arrested

  • 1863, Apr. Harriet Beecher Stowe published an article on her, in the Atlantic Monthly

  • 1863, Nov. Carried donations of food from Battle Creek to black soldiers at Camp Ward, Detroit, for their Thanksgiving dinner

  • 1864-67 In Washington, DC, counseling, teaching, resettling freed slaves

  • 1864, Oct. 29 . Visited President Lincoln at the White House

  • 1865, Mar.—Sept. Rode in Washington streetcars, pressing to desegregate them

  • 1867, Mar.—July Moved freed slaves from the South to Rochester, NY

  • 1867, May 9 Spoke at an equal rights convention in New York, for suffrage for both blacks and women

  • 1867, Aug.-Nov. Bought a bar in Battle Creek proper; began converting it into a house 1868, Aug.-Dec. Spoke in New York State; quit smoking

  • 1869-70, Sept.-Jan. Spoke in Rochester; New York City; Philadelphia; Vineland, N J

  • 1870, Mar. 31 Visited President Grant at the White House

  • 1870 Began to speak conspicuously against alcohol, tobacco, and fashionable dress

  • 1870-74 Campaigned for western land for freed slaves, from Massachusetts to Kansas

  • 1872, Fall Spoke for the reelection of President Grant; tried to vote i n Battle Creek, but was refused

  • 1874, Mar.-July Spoke in Baltimore, Washington, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, especially for western land for freed slaves 1875 Expanded version of her Narrative published; ill

  • 1877-78 Spoke in Michigan, especially for temperance

  • 1878-79, July-May Spoke in New York State

  • 1879, Fall In Kansas working with the black refugees arriving from the South

  • 1880—81 Spoke in Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, especially for temperance an d against capital punishment

  • 1883, Nov. 26 Died at her home in Battle Creek

Title: Sojourner Truth

Era in History: Antebellum America

Bibliography and Links to Media Content: (Alice Walker Reading)

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